It is the technique of Assisted Reproduction which constitutes the first step of a series of treatments to achieve pregnancy. It must be indicated in young women, mild male factor, tubal permeable couples with less than 3 years of infertility in couples with unexplained infertility.
The objective of this technique is, increase the chances of pregnancy by increasing the number of eggs ready to be fertilized and shortening the path of sperm into the egg.
It consists of 3 phases:
- Controlled Ovarian Stimulation: This is carried out by administering medicines to induce maturation of one or two eggs. This is performed under close monitoring by ultrasound to observe the growth. When we determine the exact time for insemination, we perform a sperm capacitation.
- Sperm capacitation: This consists in preparing the semen sample to ensure the quality of the sample has the most mobile and fully formed sperm.
- Insemination: This is the final step of treatment and consists of placing the sample in the uterus. This process is aided by an abdominal ultrasound in order to ensure that the plastic cannula is in the appropriate place. This is a painless procedure.